3D Dynamics is an add-on module to PLAXIS 3D. Soil and structures are often not only subjected to static loads due to construction in and on the ground surface but also to dynamic loads. When loads are powerful, like for example earthquakes, they may cause severe damages. Vibrations may occur either man-made or natural. In urban areas, vibrations can be generated due to pile driving, vehicle movement, heavy machinery or train travel. The source of natural vibrations in the subsoil is earthquakes. With the Dynamics module PLAXIS can analyse the effects of vibrations in the soil.
When pseudo-static analysis is not enough
Low frequency vibrations can normally be calculated with a pseudo-static analysis, by default available in PLAXIS, however for more advanced seismic analysis the Dynamics module is required.
Advanced analysis made easy
The effects of vibrations have to be calculated with a dynamics analysis when the frequency of the dynamic load is in the order or higher than the natural frequency of the medium. PLAXIS helps users to perform dynamic analyses in a user friendly, efficient and accurate way.
All material models contain extra parameters, which take into account damping due to material and/or geometry. Models especially useful in dynamic analysis are for example the UBC Sand model in order to predict liquefaction. This model calculates excess pore pressure build-up during dynamic excitation. For soils other than liquefaction susceptible sand, the (Generalized) Hardening soil model with small strain stiffness generally offers a good choice.
In modelling the dynamic response of a soil structure the inertia of the subsoil and the time dependency of the load are considered. The time dependent behaviour of the load can be assigned through harmonic, linear or table multipliers. Via table input users can import real earthquakes signals, in order to perform meaningful seismic design, of for example jetties or foundations. Dynamic multipliers can be assigned independently in the x-, y- an z-directions
Dynamic analysis in some cases also requires some special boundary conditions. By default viscous boundaries are available. In order to reduce spurious reflections of waves reaching the model boundaries, free-field and compliant base boundaries can be selected.