This tutorial illustrates change in coupling of groundwater flow and thermal flow as a result of ground freezing. A tunnel is constructed with the use of freeze pipes. By first installing freeze pipes in the soil, the soil freezes and becomes watertight so that tunnel construction can take place. This method of construction requires a lot of energy for the cooling of the soil, so by being able to model the cooling behaviour while groundwater flow is present an optimal freezing system can be designed.
In this tutorial a tunnel with a radius of 3.0 m will be constructed in a 30 m deep soil layer. A groundwater flow from left to right is present, influencing the thermal behaviour of the soil. First the soil will be subjected to the low temperatures of the freeze pipes, and once the soil has frozen sufficiently, tunnel construction can take place. The latter is not included in this tutorial.
Because groundwater flow causes an asymmetric temperature distribution, the whole geometry needs to be modelled, where in previous examples only half of the geometry was sufficient.
- Modelling soil freezing, coupling between thermal flow and groundwater flow
- Modelling unfrozen water content.
- Using the command line for structure definition.
Figure 1. Temperature distribution for a transient calculation
This exercise requires the PlaxFlow module and Termal module in order to be able to perform transient groundwater flow calculations in combination with thermal calculations.